Women Defense Ministers: organized crime, competition for natural resources the threats of the future

Organized crime threats in the region Gender equity in the military ranks discussion Authorities in the region are cooperating to fight organized crime challenges that go from drug trafficking to extortions to human trafficking. In November, Ecuador president Rafael Correa signed agreements with Colombia president Juan Manuel Santos, and Peru president Ollanta Humala to have their respective security forces strengthen their cooperation in the battle against human trafficking and the illegal sales of stolen fuel and to tackle drug trafficking. During the meeting, the Colombian president thanked Correa for his support to the ongoing peace talks bethween the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FAERC) in Havana, Cuba. Not less dangerous are the threats organized crime poses to Cantral America countries. Overwhelmed by unprecedented violence generated by drug cartels, Central America and Mexico presidents discussed some common security challenges they face during a summit celebrated in San Jose, Costa Rica, early this year. Central America is the most violent area without war in the world, especially Honduras and Guatemala, which share almost a 1,000 km jungle border with Mexico, cccording to the UN. By Dialogo December 05, 2013 The message was clear and sound, the region needs to build a strategic line of thinking to defeat organized crime, and to protect its technological and natural resources. These were some of the recommendations that resulted from the 1st International Meeting of Women as Defense Ministers and Leaders, hosted in Ecuador between Oct 24-25 at the Southern Naval Base of Guayaquil, Ecuador. The meeting was led by the three defense ministers in Latin America, María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés from Ecuador, Carmen Meléndez from Venezuela, and Martha Ruíz Sevilla from Nicaragua. “Our eyes, our efforts, and our energy must concentrate on solving organized crime and solving a vision of security and defense,” the Ecuadorian defense minister said. The meeting was also attended by officers of the armed forces of 13 countries, as well as, teachers and officials representing Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Chile, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador and Switzerland. It is important to build a regional, strategic line of thinking in regards to the defense of natural and technological resources, said the Director of Human Rights of the Ministry of Defense of Argentina, Stella Segado. Representatives of organizations such as the UN, Women for the Americas, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) also participated in the meeting. Future threats to the defense of countries will be “determined by competition for natural resources on a global scale,” the representative of the Secretary General of the UNASUR, Julio Prado said. “The fight against threats are defined according to the particularities of each country,” Fredy Rivera of the Latin American Social Sciences Institute (FLACSO), headquartered in Ecuador said “ The important thing is to have women strategists in the ministries of defense in Latin America,” Rivera said. For the first time, women leaders of the Armed Forces in Latin America met to exchange their experiences and contributions in favor of women’s contributions and gender equity in the military ranks, said Bertha García Gallegos, Director of the Democracy, Security and Defense program at the Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador (PUCE). “For the past 10 years, women have had direct access to the Armed Forces. In recent years, they have gained access to all weapons. However, the percentage of women who participate in defense at different levels is low,” García Gallegos added. Unlike other countries, Venezuela has the highest percentage of female participation in the Army; women account for 33.5 per cent, reported Minister Meléndez. Nicaragua has between 15 and 20 per cent of women in their ranks, said Ruíz Sevilla, who expressed that “defense is not an obligation for an institution, but for society.” “To all those who are here, we are colleagues who have managed to break down barriers, and I am sure that we will succeed in further improving our decision and our leadership each day,” Ruiz Sevilla added. In Brazil, women make up more than 6 per cent of the 350,000 members of the Armed Forces. Mexican women represent around 3.5 per cent of military personnel, according to published reports. Ecuador has the lowest participation of women in the three branches of the Armed Forces, representing 2.7 per cent. This means that there are only 1,900 female service members and it should take around 15 to 20 years for them to reach the high command, Espinosa Garcés pointed out. The message is firm. The modernization of the Ministries of Defense in Latin American countries means incorporating these gender parities, researcher Rivera said. “There are women who are highly prepared for strategic operations in combating transnational crime organizations and other threats,” said Rivera, who is also the former Undersecretary of Internal Security and Policy of the Internal Affairs Ministry of Ecuador. One of the topics discussed in the event was the implementation of Resolution 1325 of the UN Security Council, which urges member-countries “to ensure increased representation of women at all levels of decision-making in institutions and national, regional, and international mechanisms for the prevention, management, and resolution of conflicts.” Attendees also discussed the fight against poverty, human trafficking, endemic diseases, natural disasters, political threats, and espionage. read more

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Giggs: United committed to youth

first_img Another former youth star, Nicky Butt, who now has a coaching role with the United under-21 side, accepts the club had to play catch-up. Butt, speaking alongside Giggs at the Soccerex Global Convention in Manchester, said: “I think all clubs are changing. “I think Man Utd was probably one of the last outstanding ones that had the connection between youth and the first team – to be fair to Liverpool now they are doing that very well – but we are still trying to do that. “The Danny thing is just something that has come at a certain time in the club’s history. “Danny wasn’t playing in the position he wanted to play in, the club now only has so many games, we’re not in Europe. “I think it is a case of being fair to the player and fair to the club, with someone with Danny’s ability who has international credentials and wants his England place. “It is not a case of giving up on youngsters, giving up on the Academy. “It is a case of getting the club back to where it needs to be. That is the first priority, to get back to winning ways.” Ryan Giggs insists Manchester United’s commitment to youth development remains strong. Press Association The recent sale of Academy graduate Danny Welbeck and the heavy spending of the summer transfer window have suggested priorities could be changing at Old Trafford. United have a proud record of having at least one homegrown player in every matchday squad since 1937 – a statistic that could now be under threat following Welbeck’s departure. But Giggs – himself one of United’s greatest youth products – denies that is the case. Giggs, who is now assistant manager under new boss Louis van Gaal, said: “The club will never change. The history of the club is to play exciting football, always give youngsters a chance, keep to the traditions of the club. “Okay Danny has left, which is obviously disappointing because you never want to see a homegrown player leave, but this is a manager who gave Seedorf his chance, Kluivert his chance, Iniesta his chance, Xavi, Thomas Muller – he has got a track record of giving youngsters a chance. “Tyler Blackett has played every game this season. Underneath (Robin) Van Persie and (Wayne) Rooney you have got (Adnan) Januzaj, James Wilson. “Players will leave but we have got to make sure young players come through because United fans demand it. I want to see young players come through. “That has been (the case) right through the history of Manchester United and we never want to lose that.” United spent more than £150million over the summer in a major squad rebuild following the disappointments of last season, when they finished seventh in the Barclays Premier League and failed to qualify for Europe. Among the high-profile new arrivals are British record £59.7m signing Angel di Maria and Monaco star Radamel Falcao, on loan. last_img read more

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BGC calls for continued flexibility from government as lockdown relaxed

first_imgShare Related Articles Share UK gambling adopts toughest online advertising code to protect underage audiences August 27, 2020 BGC lauds success of whistle to whistle ban August 21, 2020 Better Collective cautious on quick recovery as COVID drags growth momentum August 25, 2020 Submit StumbleUpon The Betting and Gaming Council (BGC) has urged Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak to ‘keep being flexible’ following the latest update to the Government’s COVID-19 furlough scheme.Welcoming Sunak’s extension to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, the standards body acknowledged that a number of its members ‘will be forced to operate at a reduced capacity for the foreseeable future’.Sunak has already confirmed that the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme will continue until October, which is expected to support the 64,000 people who work in the retail betting and gaming industry.In May, Sunak revealed that the current furlough scheme, which sees the Government pay 80 per cent of wages up to £2,500 a month, would run until the end of July. In August, employers will have to pay their employees’ National Insurance and pension contributions.In September, employers will need to pay 10% of their furloughed staff’s wages, with the Government continuing to pay the other 70%. That will rise to 20% in October, with the Treasury contribution falling to 60%.BGC chief executive Michael Dugher urged ministers to continue to show flexibility in their approach to the crisis, emphasising that companies within the hospitality and leisure sector may require further assistance in the future.He said: “Any help for businesses from the Government at this time of global crisis is of course welcome, and we thank the Chancellor for providing more clarity on how the furlough scheme will operate until the end of October.“Even though the lockdown is easing, many of our member companies – and in particular in casinos and bingo halls – will be forced to operate at a reduced capacity for the foreseeable future because of the need to maintain strict social distancing.“Given the significant contribution the hospitality and leisure sector makes to the UK economy, we would urge Mr Sunak to keep being flexible and acknowledge that it will continue to need support from the Government as the country emerges from the pandemic.“We have had super engagement with the Government up until now, and we look forward to that continuing so we can ensure the betting and gaming industry can play its full part in getting the UK back on its feet.”last_img read more

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